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What are the Different Types of Cataract Surgery?

What are the Different Types of Cataract Surgery

There are several different types of Cataract Surgery in India and these are:

  • Phacoemulsification or Phaco: The Phaco is a surgical procedure in which the surgeons will make a small incision on the side of your cornea which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front area of your eye. Your eye surgeon will insert a tiny probe into the eye and this device emits ultrasound waves which soften and break up the lens so that your surgeon can remove them by suction. Nowadays, there is most of the cataract surgery is performed by phacoemulsification which is also known as small incision cataract surgery.
  • Extracapsular surgery: This is a surgical procedure in which your eye surgeon will make a longer incision on the side of your cornea and he/she will remove the cloudy core of the lens in one piece and they will remove rest of the lens by suction.Before the procedure, your surgeon will prescribe some antibiotic eye drops to prevent your eye from infection. This is a procedure which is performed as an outpatient procedure with local anesthesia which means you are awake during the surgery but you will not feel any pain. Your surgeon will make a small incision to remove the cataract and this procedure does not require any stitches.
  • Intracapsular cataract surgery: This is a cataract removal procedure which is now rarely used but this technique may be still useful under certain circumstances. This is a surgical procedure in which your surgeon will make the larger incision as compared to extracapsular surgery and they will remove the entire lens with surrounding tissues. The IOL (intraocular lens) can also be placed in a different location such as in front of the iris.
  • Femtosecond cataract surgery: The Femtosecond is a laser-assisted cataract surgery which your eye surgeon will use while performing cataract surgery. This is a device which is useful for the surgeons when they perform some of the steps which are involved in the removal of a cataract. This is a laser-assisted cataract surgery which is used by surgeons when they perform a procedure to correct astigmatism.

Why Cataract Surgery in India is performed?

The surgeons at the hospitals under We Care India perform cataract surgery to treat cataracts. Cataracts are an eye condition which can cause blurry vision and also increases the glare from lights. If you are unable to perform your normal activities due to cataract then your eye surgeon may suggest cataract surgery.

Your surgeon will also recommend cataract surgery when they find that cataract interferes with the treatment of another eye problem. For example, your eye surgeon may recommend cataract surgery if they find that the cataract makes it difficult for them to examine the back of your eye to monitor or to treat other eye problems such as age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy.

There are cases, where people wait to have cataract surgery and it won’t harm your eye, so you can take your time to consider that you need cataract surgery or not. Generally, if your eye surgeon found that your vision is quite good then you may not need cataract surgery for many years.

How the eye surgeons will prepare you for cataract surgery?

To prepare you for the cataract surgery, your surgeon will ask you to follow the following instructions and these are:

  • Ultrasound test: Your eye surgeon will perform a painless ultrasound test which will be conducted a week or so before your surgery and this test is performed to measure the size and shape of your eye. The ultrasound test will help your eye surgeon to determine the right type of lens to be implanted.
  • Use eye drops: Your surgeon may recommend using an antibiotic eye drops at least one or two days before the surgery and this will help in reducing the infection in your eye.
  • Avoid certain medications: Your eye surgeon will advise you to avoid certain medications temporarily as it could increase your risk of bleeding during the procedure. It is your responsibility that you tell your surgeon if you are taking any medications for prostate problems because some of these drugs can interfere with your cataract surgery.
  • Fasting before surgery: You surgeon will advise you to not eat or drink at least 12 hours before the procedure.
  • Recovery: After the cataract surgery, usually the people can go home on the same day as the surgery, but the eye surgeons will advise them not to drive and they need to make the arrangements for a ride at their home. Also, it is better if people can arrange someone for their help at home, if necessary; because your surgeon may limit your normal activities, such as bending and lifting need to be avoided for about a week after your surgery.

What are the risks and complications after cataract surgery in India?

According to the study, there are uncommon complications after cataract surgery, and most of them can be treated successfully.

Cataract surgery includes the following risks:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Swelling
  • Inflammation
  • Retinal detachment
  • Glaucoma
  • Loss of vision
  • Secondary cataract

Your risk of complications is higher if you have another eye disease. Cataract surgery is a procedure which fails to improve vision because of underlying eye damage which occurred from other conditions, such as glaucoma. If possible for you, it is better to evaluate and treat other eye problems before you plan to undergo for the cataract surgery.

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